HISPANIC POPULATION IN THE USA 1990

P008. PERSONS OF HISPANIC ORIGIN - Universe: Persons of Hispanic origin
Data Set:  1990 Summary Tape File 1 (STF 1) - 100-Percent data
U.S. Bureau of the Census - 1990 Census of Population and Housing

 

Subject Characteristic:              Hispanic Origin
Definition:   
The data on Spanish/Hispanic origin were from answers to a question asked of all persons. Persons of Hispanic origin are those who classified themselves in one of the specific Hispanic origin categories listed on the questionnaire--"Mexican," "Puerto Rican," or "Cuban"--as well as those who indicated that they were of "other Spanish/Hispanic" origin. Persons of "Other Spanish/Hispanic" origin are those whose origins are from Spain, the Spanish-speaking countries of Central or South America, or the Dominican Republic, or they are persons of Hispanic origin identifying themselves generally as Spanish, Spanish-American, Hispanic, Hispano, Latino, and so on.

Origin can be viewed as the ancestry, nationality group, lineage, or country of birth of the person or the person's parents or ancestors. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
 
Some tabulations are shown by the Hispanic origin of the householder. In all cases where households, families, or occupied housing units are classified by Hispanic origin, the Hispanic origin of the householder is used.
 
During direct interviews conducted by enumerators, if a person could not provide a single origin response, he or she was asked to select, based on self-identification, the group which best described his or her origin or descent. If a person could not provide a single group, the origin of the person's mother was used. If a single group could not be provided for the person's mother, the first origin reported was used.
 
If a household member failed to respond to the Spanish/Hispanic origin question, a response was assigned by the computer according to the reported entries of other household members, using specific rules of precedence of household relationship.
 
Comparability--The 1990 data on Hispanic origin are generally comparable with those for the 1980 census. There are some differences in the format of the Hispanic origin question between the two censuses. For 1990, the word "descent" was deleted from the wording. In addition, the term "Mexican-Amer." used in 1980 was shortened further to "Mexican-Am." to reduce misreporting (of "American"). Finally, the 1990 question allowed those who reported as "other Spanish/Hispanic" to write in their specific Hispanic origin group.
 
Misreporting in the "Mexican-Amer." category of the 1980 census item on Spanish/Hispanic origin may affect the comparability of 1980 and 1990 census data for persons of Hispanic origin for certain areas of the country. An evaluation indicated that there was misreporting in the Mexican origin category by White and Black persons in certain areas. Available data suggest that the impact of possible misreporting of Mexican origin in the 1980 census was severe in regions where the Hispanic origin population was generally sparse. However, national 1980 census data on the Mexican origin population or total Hispanic origin population was not seriously affected by the reporting problem.
 
The 1990 and 1980 census data on the Hispanic population are not directly comparable with 1970 Spanish origin data because of (1) overall improvements in the 1980 and 1990 censuses, (2) better coverage of the population, (3) improved question designs, and (4) an effective public relations campaign with the assistance of national and community ethnic groups. In the 1970 census, the question on Spanish origin was asked of only a 5-percent sample of the population.
 

P008. PERSONS OF HISPANIC ORIGIN - Universe: Persons of Hispanic origin
Data Set: 1990 Summary Tape File 1 (STF 1) - 100-Percent data
NOTE: For information on confidentiality, nonsampling error, and definitions, see http://factfinder.census.gov/home/en/datanotes/expstf190.htm.

 

 

United States

Total

22354059

U.S. Bureau of the Census
1990 Census of Population and Housing

P009. HISPANIC ORIGIN - Universe: Persons
Data Set: 1990 Summary Tape File 1 (STF 1) - 100-Percent data
NOTE: For information on confidentiality, nonsampling error, and definitions, see http://factfinder.census.gov/home/en/datanotes/expstf190.htm.

 

 

United States

Not of Hispanic origin

226355814

Hispanic origin:

 

Mexican

13495938

Puerto Rican

2727754

Cuban

1043932

Other Hispanic

5086435

U.S. Bureau of the Census
1990 Census of Population and Housing

P010. HISPANIC ORIGIN BY RACE - Universe: Persons
Data Set: 1990 Summary Tape File 1 (STF 1) - 100-Percent data
NOTE: For information on confidentiality, nonsampling error, and definitions, see http://factfinder.census.gov/home/en/datanotes/expstf190.htm.

 

 

United States

Not of Hispanic origin

 

White

188128296

Black

29216293

American Indian, Eskimo, or Aleut

1793773

Asian or Pacific Islander

6968359

Other race

249093

Hispanic origin:

 

White

11557774

Black

769767

American Indian, Eskimo, or Aleut

165461

Asian or Pacific Islander

305303

Other race

9555754

U.S. Bureau of the Census
1990 Census of Population and Housing